The Nigerian Academy of Science is merit-based and the growth of the Fellowship is limited by the rate of accretion. To become a Fellow, a scientist has to be nominated by a Fellow of the Academy, and such nomination must also be endorsed by three other Fellows.
Subsequently, an appropriate Sectional Committee of the Academy will assess the nominations received, based on the candidates’ fields of expertise. The Committee will then recommend candidates (who get a minimum score) to the Council for possible shortlisting. Council prepares the final short list of candidates that will then be presented for election. The top ten candidates, with at least 50% of total votes cast, will be deemed elected; and inducted as Fellows of the Academy.